to a simulated rear-end collision. A b c Foreman, Stephen.; Croft, Arthur. The most common areas of the spine affected by whiplash are the neck and middle of the spine. Prevalence of "whiplash" symptoms following exposure to a placebo rear-end collision". Citation needed 0 ms Rear car structure is impacted and begins to move forward and/or crushes Occupant remains stationary No occupant forces 100 ms Vehicle seat accelerates and pushes into occupants torso (i.e. "Impingement Syndrome Associated with Whiplash Injury". It can be categorized as grade 0 being no pain to grade 4 with a cervical bone fracture or dislocation. A properly placed head restraint where one can sufficiently protect his/her head lower the chances of head injury by up to 35 during a rear-end collision. Various organisations exist which list such vehicles Management edit Rehabilitation (e.g. Mechanism edit Whiplash can be described as a sudden strain to the muscles, bones and nerves in the neck. Basic information is also given to teach the patient that exercises as instructed will not cause any damage to their neck.
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Prevalence of 'whiplash' symptoms following exposure to a placebo rear-end collision. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams Wilkins. 22 Anterior longitudinal ligament injuries in whiplash may lead to cervical instability. Fernandez, CE; Amiri, A; Jaime, J; Delaney, P (Dec 2009). Unless a cervical strain has occurred with additional brain or spinal cord trauma mortality is rare. 52 "Freeman and co-investigators estimated that.2 of the US population have late whiplash syndrome". "Daily stressors in patients with acute whiplash associated disorders". Some current systems are: Mercedes-Benz A-Class Active Head Restraint (AHR) 3 32 citation needed, Saab (Responsible for the first active head restraint Opel, Ford, Nissan, Subaru, Hyundai, and Peugeot Active Head restraint (sahr) 3 33 citation needed, Volvo and Jaguar Whiplash Protection System/Whiplash Prevention System. Whiplash associated disorders sometimes include injury to the cerebrum. "The Quebec Task Force on Whiplash-Associated Disorders". Gorski JM and Schwartz LH, Shoulder Impingement Presenting as Neck Pain.
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